International Regulatory Framework for Banks
Basel III, the third of the Basel Accords, was first published in 2009 by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision to strengthen the regulation, supervision and risk management of the banking sector. Basel III attempts to i) to improve the banking sector's ability to absorb shocks arising from financial and economic stress, ii) to improve risk management and governance, iii) strengthen banks' transparency and disclosures.
Basel III proposes many new capital, leverage and liquidity standards. These standards are to be phased in over years to allow for observation to ensure that these changes are not detrimental to the banking industry, specifically, or more generally, the national economies in which these rules will be implemented.
Basel III will require banks to hold Tier 1 common equity equal to 4.5% (up from 2% in Basel II) of its risk weighted assets. Minimum Tier 1 capital, which will include common equity Tier 1 and additional Tier 1 capital, will be required to be 6% (up from 4% in Basel II) of its risk weighted assets as of January 1, 2015.
Basel III contemplates a minimum leverage ratio of 3% for a parallel run period from 2013 to 2017, that is, Tier 1 capital equal to the sum of on balance sheet non-derivative exposures, repurchase agreements and securities finance, derivatives and off-balance sheet items. Depending on the results, the leverage ratio will be adjusted and made effective in 2018.
The Liquidity Coverage Ratio requires a bank to hold sufficient high-quality liquid assets to cover its total net cash outflows over 30 days; the Net Stable Funding Ratio requires the available amount of stable funding to exceed the required amount of stable funding over a one-year period of extended stress.
We hope that such information will assist you, but it should not be used or relied upon as a substitute for your own independent research. For a more comprehensive view of the standards/requirements, please visit the respective issuer's website.